Indonesia – sights and holidays
Sights of Jakarta – the capital of the fourth largest nation in the world. The City of Great Victory is Indonesia’s largest city. More than 10 million people live in it. From the city it blows with some kind of charm, a charm of contrasts: excessive wealth coexists with utterly miserable poverty, modern skyscrapers and movers, torn by hard work in the port of Sundakelap, sewage mud and royal luxury of hotels. Despite the oppressive heat and erratic street traffic, the city can still boast of good museums, famous residential areas, interesting examples of majestic architecture of the colonial era, as well as many excellent shops, antique shops, restaurants and entertainment venues. The port of Jakarta – Tanjungpriok – is located east of the city and is connected with it by rail, freeway and shipping channel. Capital Airport – Kemayoran. Java Island The peculiarity of the architecture and traditional art of Indonesia is due to the influence of different and sharply different cultures and civilizations – Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim and European. Already in the first centuries of our era, the peoples of Java adopted Buddhism and Hinduism under Indian influence. Indian and local traditions are combined in the classical art of Java, including architecture. The oldest surviving architectural monuments are small graceful Hindu temples (“Chandi”) on the Dieng plateau in Central Java. They are compact cubic arrays on step bases, crowned with pyramids. The grandest sanctuary in Java is Borobudur. This is a natural hill covered with andesite blocks. It has the form of a stepped gently sloping pyramid crowned with a stupa. Countless reliefs in the galleries of Borobudur terraces, Buddha statues tell about the earthly life of the Buddha and his reincarnations. In the 8th century, Hinduism became the state religion in Java and neighboring islands. The Hindu temple complex Lara Jongrang in Prambanan combines three large temples, five smaller shrines and numerous chapels. Particularly beautiful is the slender and sky-high main temple of Shiva. The temple complex of Panataran in east Java is very sophisticated; its free, irregular shape is unusual. The numerous Hindu temples of the island of Bali, decorated with luxurious ornamental carvings, belong to the same era. In the 16th century, Islam entered Indonesia and the traditions of Hindu culture began to be lost. They survived only on the island of Bali, whose population still professes Hinduism. In the rest of Indonesia, the mosques and palaces of local rulers began to dominate the motives of Muslim architecture in Asia. With the establishment of Dutch domination in Indonesia (XVII century), cities were built according to the European model. The most developed tourist area of Indonesia is the island of Bali, the “island of a thousand temples”, which attracts with its pristine landscapes, tropical forests and majestic volcanoes and the Temple of Pura Besakih. Bali is also an incomprehensibly preserved “island of Hindu culture” in the largest Muslim country in the world. The richest culture that came to Bali from Java in the 15th century together with the Majapahit dynasty, and today it amazes with its unique architecture, exotic music, dance and painting. Mount Jaya – the highest point in Indonesia – one of the natural wonders with which the country is so rich. Its snow-white peak rises above the dense tropical forests in one of the most inaccessible corners of the island. In the northern part of Sumatra Island is the largest reserve in Indonesia – Gunung-Löser, created to protect the habitats of the Sumatran rhino and orangutan. Here, in the region of the highest peak of Northern Sumatra – Mount Leser, picturesque mountain landscapes and unique outcrops of rocks are protected. Komodo Island is a famous nature reserve. These are the habitats of the Komodor Dragon (monitor lizard). Madura Island is famous for its colorful “kerapan sapi” – bull racing, Sumba Island – for riders’ group fights, Nias Island – for jumping through a two-meter stone column. Bali Island The most developed tourist area in Indonesia is considered to be Bali Island – excellent resorts and ancient culture that came to Bali from Java in the 15th century along with the Majapahit dynasty. Despite the rather long flight (14-17 hours), Bali has already won the love of our compatriots. Unique Hindu temples, islands of the Gods, tropical gardens and real jungles, volcanoes and rice terraces, monkeys living right in the temples, plenty of water activities and, finally, very low prices for services, transportation and meals – all this, in addition to excellent hotel service, without a doubt, makes Bali one of the most favorite routes for Russian tourists. Bali is rightfully considered one of the best and most comfortable resorts in Asia. Mysterious Buddhist temples and tropical plants, Balinese massage, Asian cuisine and traditional Indonesian hospitality will make your vacation unforgettable. Islands for diving Komodo.