Lhasa is the capital of Tibet. Main attractions: – the central temple of Jokhang, – palaces of Potala. And Norbulinka – the winter and summer residence of the Dalai Lama, – Barkor – a traditional tour around the old holy city, – the monasteries of Drepung and Sera, the largest in Tibet. – Mentsikhang – Institute of Tibetan Medicine. The name of the city is translated as “Abode of the Gods.” Lhasa is located at an altitude of 3650 m. In the heart of the old city is located Jokhang Temple (which means “Buddha House”). It was built in the 7th century by the emperor Songtsen Gampo to place a precious Buddha statue that was brought to Tibet by one of his wives, a Chinese princess. The statue became the greatest religious relic of Tibet. Around the temple in the Barkhor district are several more old temples and a colorful oriental market. The legendary Potala Palace is truly one of the wonders of the world, high above the valley. Its history began in the 7th century with a small fortress. In the 17th century, the Fifth Dalai Lama completed it to its current size, and since then it has become the habitat of all the Dalai Lama and a symbol of Tibet. Now 13 floors and more than 1000 rooms Potala turned into a museum (only about a third of the rooms are available for tourists). You can explore the living rooms of the Dalai Lama, the regent, teachers, servants, ceremonial halls, treasures and internal temples. Lhasa-Kathmandu road – the sacred lake Yamdrok Tso (“Turquoise”), This sacred lake, located at an altitude of 4408 m, is considered a talisman, the guardian of the life force of the Tibetan nation. It is said that if its waters dry, then Tibet will become uninhabited. Lake area of 754 square meters. km amazingly beautiful. It is curved in the shape of a hook. There are 9 islands on it, on which in ancient times yogis lived, who sought solitude from the worldly bustle. – in Gyantse – the monastery of Pelkor Chode and Kumbum – a stupa of one hundred thousand Buddhas (the largest collection of the pantheon of Tibetan deities of the 15th century). This is a huge (35 m high) octagonal stupa, one of the greatest monuments of Tibetan art. There are 75 prayer halls on 9 floors, in which there is the most complete collection of the Tibetan pantheon – hundreds of statues of deities. A small ascent to the fortress (dzong) will make it possible to see the whole city from above. – Shigatse (center of Tsang province) – Tashilumpho monastery (the residence of the Panchen Lamas, considered the incarnations of Buddha Amitabha and occupying an important place in the spiritual hierarchy of Tibet). The monastery has the world’s largest bronze statue – a 26-meter-high gilded image of the future Buddha Maitreya – Sakya Monastery (the center of the school of the same name, founded in the 12th century). The name itself translates as “brown earth” and, of course, is inspired by the surrounding landscape. Sakya is one of the four main schools of Tibetan Buddhism. For 100 years, from the mid-13th century to the mid-14th, its hierarchs ruled all of Tibet. For those who want to get deeper acquainted with the culture of Tibet, we recommend visiting a number of places that played a key role in the formation and development of Tibetan civilization, where tourists usually do not visit. Among them: – Lhababri – a mountain, to the top of which the first king descended from heaven; – Yumbulagang – castle of the first kings; – Chongne – secret tombs of kings in the Yarlung valley; – Thrandruk – the first Buddhist temple in Tibet, located in the geomancy center of the country; – the mandala of the ancient Samye monastery – the focus of the spiritual power of Tibet; – cave complexes in which ascetics meditated. – The main monasteries of 4 Tibetan schools (Nyingma, Kagyu, Sakya, Geluk). – The sacred turquoise lake Yamdrok Yumzo – the mascot of the “Roofs of the World”. – Everest Base Camp at an altitude of 5200 m. Kailash Mount Kailash in Western Tibet is called the “navel of the Earth.” For the followers of the four religions (Buddhism, Hinduism, Bonpo and Jainism, and this is about half the world’s population), it is the center of the Earth and the universe. Next to it is the sacred lake Manosarovar – the source of the 4 greatest rivers of Asia (Ganges, Indus, Brahmaputra and Sutledzh). This energy center of our planet, despite its inaccessibility, has attracted seekers of truth for thousands of years. None of the people ever climbed the reserved mountain – the abode of the gods. Pilgrims go around her in a circle. 4 roads from different parts of the world lead to the most sacred mountain on Earth. The oldest and shortest path to places of amazing beauty and spiritual strength was again opened to pilgrims only a few years ago. The pyramidal peak, covered with eternal snows, immediately stands out among the surrounding gray mountains. Walking around the most sacred mountain on Earth takes less than four days. The track runs at an altitude of 4800 to 5600 m. Kham Eastern Tibet (Kham) occupies about a quarter of the ethnic and geographical Tibet (Tibetan plateau). By area, this is approximately the territory of France. In terms of its natural conditions and landscapes, Kham is much more diverse than Central and Western Tibet – the dull desert reddish landscapes prevailing there give way to mountain pastures, wooded valleys, and deep river gorges. The climate is milder (summer temperatures are 18-25 in the afternoon, 5-10 at night), there are no pronounced monsoons.