The Arab Republic of Egypt, or simply Egypt, is a large state in the northeast of the African continent and the Sinai Peninsula (Asia). It has borders with Israel, the Gaza Strip, Libya and Sudan. The country is washed by the waters of the Mediterranean and Red Seas, interconnected by a 163 km Suez Canal. The area of the territory is 1 001 450 km². The population is more than 82 million people (2012).
There are many interesting tourist attractions in Egypt, but its main attraction for tourists is the Red Sea, which is rightfully considered one of the most beautiful in the world. Here, nature has created excellent conditions for divers and lovers of snorkeling, as well as for those who prefer a regular measured beach holiday.
The second most important reason to come to Egypt is, of course, its rich history, in particular the unique archaeological heritage – the ancient temples of Luxor and the world famous pyramids of Giza.
The third reason to visit Egypt is religion. Pilgrims await the Coptic monastery of St. Anthony, Mount Moses, as well as the Islamic University Al-Azhar, considered one of the largest in the world.
Of course, like most countries, Egypt has its drawbacks. Perhaps one of the main and relevant for tourist resorts is the obsession of the Egyptians and the constant desire to deceive. This applies to almost the entire tourism industry – hotel workers, guides and street vendors. Easy earnings spoiled people, that’s why they constantly strive to deceive foreigners.
Other important disadvantages are the terrible situation on the roads (annually dozens of tourists die in crashes involving tourist buses) and widespread non-observance of safety procedures (falling balloons, sinking submarines and divers).
The authorities are trying to protect the interests of tourists (for example, in all resorts you can find a special “tourist police” created to help foreigners everywhere), but still, work in this area is still endless.
Outside the coastal resort areas, real Egypt begins, dirty, impoverished and oppressed.
CLIMATE IN EGYPT
Egypt is located within two climatic zones – subtropical (Mediterranean coast) and tropical (most of the country, including the Red Sea), therefore, a tropical desert climate prevails here.
Since Egypt is located in the vast Sahara desert, the summer is very hot, in some places the thermometer can approach +50 ° C in the shade. In the desert regions, nighttime is always much cooler, and the daily temperature drops are very large, and on the coast, the day-to-day temperature fluctuations are slightly less.
In the winter season from December to February, the average air temperature varies from +20 to +25 ° C, and from May to September (summer season) to +35 .. + 40 ° C.
The swimming season in the waters of the Red Sea lasts all year, because even in January and February the water temperature does not drop below +20 .. + 21 ° C. The warmest sea (+ 28 … + 29 ° C) is in the summer months.
If you go to Egypt in the winter months, it would be useful to bring a warm sweatshirt with you, as in the evening the air temperature can drop to + 10 … 12 ° C and lower.
BEACHES OF RESORTS EGYPT
In Hurghada, mostly open sea and gently sloping beaches, fine and clean sand can not be found at all hotels. Often the beaches at the hotels are artificially deepened lagoons, the water in which can be a little unclear.
Some hotels in Hurghada have their own “home coral reefs”, where you can see the underwater world in all its glory and fish. There are not many hotels in which corals start immediately from the coast in Hurghada (Melia Pharaoh, Golden 5 and Oberoi and some others).
In Sharm el Sheikh, almost all along the coast, right from the coast, coral reefs begin and stretch on average at a distance of 15 to 50 meters. Usually each hotel has its own pontoon, which you can go to the depths where you can swim. It is very convenient for those who like to snorkel, as well as for those who want to watch schools of fish right at their feet, and not so for those who like to swim from the shore and kids.
In the area of Naama Bay there are areas specially cleared of corals (they are usually enclosed by buoys), where you can swim right from the coast.
And the only natural sandy beach in Sharm without corals is located in Sharm El Maya Bay. Here are the Iberotel Palace and Seti Sharm hotels. The best beach for families with children.
Almost all the beaches on the Mediterranean coast in the urban area of Alexandria are sandy and public. There are few hotels that have their own beaches with umbrellas and sunbeds. But all the resort complexes located in the suburbs of Alexandria have their own equipped sandy beaches.
Before traveling (this applies to any country in general), make a photocopy of your documents – passport, rights, airline tickets, voucher and insurance. We recommend storing all these copies separately from the originals.