China is a distant country with a very interesting and unusual culture. In this country, many different festivals and holidays are held throughout the year. Some are a little similar to ours, such as the New Year, which, however, is called the Spring Festival there. And some will seem quite strange to European residents. For example, the celebration of the day when two numbers of Jan meet. But still, some of these festivals are very interesting to visit in order to expand your horizons, learn more about Chinese culture, and enjoy colorful and bright holidays. Some of the most interesting Chinese holidays are listed below.
The Spring Festival is one of the most important in China. It is said that the Spring Festival has its roots in the tradition of Winter sacrifice — an ancient custom of primitive people. The Spring Festival marks the beginning of the Chinese Lunar New Year, and the first meal becomes a very important ritual. On this special day, people usually eat Jiaozi (Jiaozi) — the so-called dumplings that resemble a crescent in shape. As for entertainment events during the festival, the Dragon Dance and the Lion Dance are traditionally performed.
Lantern Festival The Lantern Festival (also called the Yuanxiao Festival) falls on the 15th day of the first Chinese lunar month. Yuanxiao is the moment when we see the full moon for the first time in the new year. It is closely connected with the Spring Festival. Yuan literally means “first”, and xiao can be translated as “night”. Traditionally, this is the time for family reunification. Lighting lanterns is a big event on this day, and another important part of the festival is the preparation of small dumplings made from sticky rice flour.
Qingming Qingming (meaning “feast of pure light”) is a day for commemorating the dead. It falls on the beginning of April every year. The holiday coincides with the onset of warm weather and the beginning of spring plowing. It is also the time of family picnics — people go out of town, to nature, to enjoy the onset of spring. This period, especially in Northern China, is a windy season, a great time to launch flying kites. Therefore, it is not surprising that this entertainment is very popular during the Qingming season.
The Duan-wu festival Duan-wu (Duanwu), which is also called the “double five” falls on the fifth day of the fifth month according to the Chinese lunar calendar. For thousands of years, this holiday has been celebrated by competing on dragon boats and cooking zongzi, a kind of pyramid-shaped dumplings made from glutinous rice and wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves. Duan-wu is also known as the Dragon Boat Festival, because such races are the most popular entertainment during the festival, especially in Southern China.
The Mid-Autumn Festival is one of the most important Chinese festivals – the Mid-Autumn Festival. It is celebrated on the 15th day of the eighth month of the lunar calendar. Since the full moon is round and symbolizes reunion, the Mid-Autumn Festival is also known as the reunion Festival. People in different parts of China celebrate the Mid-Autumn Holiday in various ways. But one traditional custom has definitely remained and is common to all Chinese-there is a festive dish Mooncake-cakes in the shape of the moon.
The Chongyang Festival “Nine” is a number that, according to the theory of Yin and Yang, belongs to Yang. The ninth day of the ninth lunar month is the day when two numbers of Yang meet. Therefore, it is called Chunyang. This festival is usually ideal for outdoor activities. Many people go hiking and increase their adrenaline levels all over the country on this day. In addition, Chunyang in China was declared the day of the elderly. This is a special occasion for everyone to pay tribute to people of age.
National Day October 1 is the National Day of the People’s Republic of China. On this day, various celebrations are held throughout the country, such as an Evening performance, a show with fireworks, parades and a ceremony of raising the national flag.
There are a lot of holidays and it will be possible to visit them all at once, so choose the most interesting one for yourself and go to explore China.