For residents of eastern countries, the oldest tradition is considered to be tea drinking. The culture of Japanese tea drinking is on a par with art and lifestyle. The inhabitants of the East observe unusual and mysterious traditions for us. One of these is considered to be the Japanese tea ceremony.
Tea was introduced to Japan in the 7th century from China. The tea distributors were monks. In China, it was believed that tea is a good helper in the fight against fatigue, rheumatism and eye disease. According to Japanese legend, tea had miraculous properties, gave strength and energy. And to this day, tea is treated with great respect and respect.
The tea ceremony in Japan gave rise to such types of art as: Japanese gardens, what should be porcelain, ikebana, home furnishings in Japan, wabi-style ceramics and of course painting.
The attitude of the Japanese people changed with the advent of the tradition of tea drinking, brought to life the spirit of wabi. The Japanese began to lead a measured life, their tastes became more refined and calm. As they say in Japan, one who knows the tea ceremony perfectly well should adhere to a calm behavior, regulate it and cope with the anger of his own and other people.
There are several types of tea ceremony:
Night tea by moonlight . The time of the event starts at half past eleven and ends no later than half past three in the morning. Tea is prepared right in front of the guests, the leaves are ground into powder. The drink is very strong, because of this, before tea, guests are treated to various snacks; A tea drink at sunrise . The drink is drunk around 3: 00 or 4: 00 in the morning, but guests stay until 06: 00 in the morning; Tea is in the morning . This tea is drunk even in the cool of the night, five or six in the morning. The morning ceremony ends faster than the others; A tea drink after the meal . The time of the event is before 13: 00 or after 13: 00. Guests have lunch before tea, because only sweet dishes are offered for tea. Then everyone is offered a bowl of soup. Before the ceremony begins, guests are blissful in the garden and rinse their hands; Evening tea . Tea is served after 18: 00; Tea is served on special occasions . This ceremony can be called a “hasty ceremony”. They spend it on holidays, it can be meetings with friends and others.
In addition to the existing tea ceremonies, congratulations or in someone’s memory are still held, there are no special differences between them.
Tea Ceremony Kit:
A stick used specifically for stirring drinks during a tea ritual; A box for storing tea leaves; A teapot; A bowl for drinking together during a tea ceremony; Bowls for each guest individually; Teaspoons.
The material of the equipment used in the tea ceremony should be natural, extremely simple and clean. Most often used: bamboo and wood. You can also give your preference to copper dishes.
The ritual of the tea ceremony should be carried out in absolutely clean dishes. This is an important point to pay attention to. Inventory should keep traces of antiquity, each vessel should be a piece of art. In Japan, they try very hard to be careful in the use of dishes, in order to preserve its durability and pass it on by inheritance.
How the Japanese tea ceremony goes.
After the arrival of the guests, the water is heated. At this time, snacks begin. After the guests have eaten, they go to the garden and mentally prepare for the ritual. The owner of the house invites everyone, while the master cleans the dishes. Next, brew the tea in a large bowl.
The presentation of tea begins with the most important and honored guest, then the tea drink passes from one guest to another. After that, the tea is brewed in a teapot, and served to each guest individually. The presentation ends, the host leaves, and the guests go out into the garden. The master bows and thanks the guests for visiting.
The tea ritual takes place in special tea houses, with a fairly simple interior.