In Russia, tea is probably the most popular drink. You can make it even tastier by adding milk, sugar, lemon, jam – as you like. It is believed that there is no harm from tea, but whether it is so – the correspondent of “AIF-Tyumen” Ekaterina German learned from the fitness nutritionist Evgenia Pisareva.
What are the benefits and harms of tea?
There is a huge variety of types of tea that have certain characteristics.
If we talk about tea in general, it is a concentrate of useful medicinal substances and taste qualities. No drink has such a rich complex of biologically valuable, healing qualities. And the caffeine in the composition also helps to cheer up.
“Tea infusion enhances the action of the central nervous system, helps to fight drowsiness, seasonal depression. Warm tea of medium brew with lemon, ginger, honey is a diuretic and diaphoretic for colds of the respiratory tract and lungs, ” said fitness nutritionist Evgenia Pisareva.
Tea also stimulates the heart, the blood vessel system, regulates blood pressure, and helps in the treatment of hypertension.
Green tea has antimicrobial properties to a greater extent than black tea, it is used in the treatment of intestinal infections, for example, strongly brewed tea helps with stomach upset, and weakly brewed tea-tones the intestines and accelerates motor skills.
But tea contains polyphenols that turn tooth enamel yellow. And fans of this drink with sugar are at risk: the probability of consuming sugar more than the daily norm increases, which can lead to excess weight.
How many cups of tea can I drink a day?
Doctors agreed that you can drink no more than four cups of black tea a day (about 1 liter). Green tea is recommended for 2-3 cups due to the high content of caffeine.
Packaged or flatbed?
“As my colleagues say:” There is green tea, there is black tea, and there is in bags.” It should be understood that often packaged tea is made from the dust of the tea leaf. Such a drink can only color the tooth enamel, and the benefits are not worth talking about. Therefore, it is necessary to make a choice in favor of leaf tea, ” says Yevgenia.
How to brew properly?
Usually tea is prepared in the form of infusions, or, more simply, brewed. Before you fill the kettle with dry tea leaves, you need to pour boiling water over it several times until it warms up. Then we wipe the kettle dry and put dry tea. To get a medium-strength drink, you need about 3 g of dry tea (1 teaspoon) per 100-150 ml of water. Pour boiling water not to the end, leave a third of the kettle free. We close the lid and a napkin together with the spout, so that the fabric prevents the leakage of essential oils. Black tea under a napkin “comes” in 3-5 minutes, green-in 5-8 minutes. Before drinking, the tea should be cooled to 70 degrees, so that its taste is revealed, and not get burned.
How many times can you brew the same tea?
“In my opinion, it makes no sense to brew tea several times. Because at the first brewing, all the useful substances come out of the tea into boiling water. Although if we consider the eastern culture, then repeated brewing of tea is the norm in Chinese and Japanese tea ceremonies in the preparation of such varieties of tea as oolong and pu-erh. They say that this tea changes the taste and opens from brew to brew, ” says the fitness nutritionist.
In the subject.
Three centuries of tea history.
It is known that the second tsar of the Romanovs, Alexey Mikhailovich, in January 1665, having caught a cold, was treated with brewed tea. At the end of the XVII century, this drink was already sold in pharmacies in Moscow as a medicine and tonic. A quarter of a century later, Russia signed the first treaty with China, and furs began to be exchanged for goods of the Middle Kingdom, and after the signing of the treaty on duty-free trade in 1727, the flow of tea to Russia increased to 30 thousand poods a year. The main tea caravans from China went to the Nizhny Novgorod and Irbit fairs, the two largest commodity exchanges in Russia. To the last Tyumen merchants was close at hand.
In Tyumen, the tea trade is inextricably linked with the history of the Kolokolnikov trading house. For some time, they even managed to maintain a monopoly on the tea trade at the famous Irbit Fair, where tea stocks for the whole of Russia were terminated. And the Tyumen merchants and officials of the beginning of the XX century had a saying: “We have Chinese tea, the owner’s sugar”.
By the way, it was the sugar trick of the Kolokolnikov merchants that popularized this drink in Siberia. The new product was not a rhinestone, so in the trading house of famous merchants, sugar was sold only together with tea.
By the way, there was no tea alternative in the Tobolsk province. Most popular drinks had a lactic acid (whey, curdled milk, milk, fermented baked milk) or a fermentation base (kvass, beer and their varieties).
As for prices, before tea became popular in all segments of the population and began to be served at the table, it was an expensive treat. So, at the beginning of the reign of Alexander I, the most expensive varieties of tea were sold in Russia at the price of 10-12 rubles in banknotes per pound – that is, half a kilo of Chinese leaves were worth two or three peasant cows. And the Emperor Alexander I himself daily in the morning “ate tea, always green, with thick cream and toasted croutons and white bread.”
During the XIX century, the amount of tea consumed in Russia increased at least twenty times. By the second half of the XIX century, it was not just used to it, in fact, tea became a part of culture and everyday life.