Chinese New Year-Chun Jie (Spring Festival) has been the most important and long-lasting holiday in China and other East Asian countries since ancient times. The history of the celebration of the New Year according to the Chinese calendar originated in ancient times. It does not have a fixed date, it is calculated according to the lunar-solar calendar and occurs on one of the days in the interval from January 21 to February 21.
In 2019, it will come on the night of February 5 . The coming of the New Year according to the Chinese calendar is eagerly awaited not only in Asian countries.
How they prepare.
The Chinese begin preparing for the celebration of the New Year with the cleaning of the home, during which they throw away all the junk and unnecessary things that have accumulated over the year. Together with garbage and junk, they throw out the old stagnant energy, giving way to a new and lively one.
Special attention is paid to decorating the house with the traditional red color and its shades. The Chinese have a special ritual — paired inscriptions are pasted at the entrance to the house, the walls of apartments and houses are decorated with special paintings made of paper patterns.
It is also customary to decorate houses with ripe juicy tangerines in the amount of 8 pieces, since this figure symbolizes infinity. Red is decorated not only with dwellings — it is customary to wear special red clothes. After all, it is this color, according to legend, that drives away misfortunes and sorrows from the house.
The Chinese do not put a Christmas tree — they replace it with trays of oranges and tangerines. But they need to be laid in a special way-necessarily in a circle and each of the fruits should be exactly 8 pieces, no less and no more. However, it is increasingly possible to meet those who, instead of citrus fruits, dress up small artificial trees that are decorated with dried fruits or fresh fruits in sugar.
How they celebrate.
In the old days, the holiday lasted for a whole month, today the Chinese have reduced the number of days off by half. Therefore, the holiday ends on the fifteenth day — a grand Festival of Chinese lanterns. Traditionally, China celebrates the holiday for 15 days, each of which is distinguished by its own traditions and customs.
The first day of the Chinese New year begins with a festive dinner, loud fireworks and noisy festivities. Be sure to burn bamboo sticks with the whole family. The Chinese believe that the louder the holiday is, the happier and more joyful the year will be. Also on this day they go to the cemetery to their relatives in order to honor their memory.
The second day begins with a prayer: family people ask for health and happiness to all their loved ones; old people — longevity; business people and businessmen-prosperity and enrichment. For beggars, the second day of the holiday is a great success, because they can come to visit and ask for food and alms.
In the next two days, the Chinese try to respect all their friends and relatives and wish them a Happy New Year. They believe that this day should be spent with loved ones in order to be together next year. From this period, all major corporations start their work and everything gradually returns to its normal course.
The fifth and sixth are dedicated to wealth and business, so the rest of the companies start working, but they go to work for a reason, and they definitely launch fireworks.
The seventh day of the holiday, as well as the second, it is customary to start with prayer and worship of God. It is believed that man was created on this day. In order for the income to only increase and the business to flourish, the Chinese prepare a special salad of raw fish called “Yusheng”.
The eighth, ninth, tenth — all the Chinese are already returning to work, and in the evenings they arrange small family festive dinners with prayer, after which they go to the temple to light special smoking candles.
For the next three days, everyone is mostly busy preparing for the main holiday — the lantern festival. Everyone buys jewelry, lanterns, canopies for lanterns and so on.
On the fifteenth and last day, concerts and theatrical performances are usually arranged, people with lighted lanterns walk around the square with their families, and fireworks, firecrackers and firecrackers rattle around.