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Architecture has surrounded a person always and everywhere, even if we do not notice it and accept it as an integral part of our life. It is the architectural structures, whether it is a tiny cottage or a grandiose bridge, or maybe a fantastic airport, that have a huge impact on the growth of communities, the prosperity of businesses and, of course, on the mental and physical condition of people. Despite the fact that there are several tens of thousands of architects on the planet, only a few managed to create unique masterpieces that make others admire, wonder and think.
- Antonio Gaudi (1852-1926)
There are few civilized people on the planet who have not heard of this Catalan architect, whose creations still make hearts beat faster and infinitely wonder and admire his bizarre vision of the world. The buildings he created changed the face of Barcelona forever. It is noteworthy that of the 17 most famous and grandiose of his projects successfully implemented, seven are recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
Until now, experts argue in what style the brilliant architect created, but it is impossible to classify his masterpieces. After all, theoretically, it is modern, in which elements of various trends, styles and trends are masterfully interwoven. Moreover, to such an extent, they have been reworked and changed that such structures, erected already now, are called in the “Gaudi style”. The curved surfaces, fantastically bizarre forms in the construction are perfectly reflected in his brilliant works – the Guell Wine Cellar, the Baglio House, the Mila House and, of course, in the project of the Redemptive Sagrada Familia. More information about how the great master lived and worked.
- Frank Gehry (1929)
Frank Gehry is known as a bold, daring, and sometimes even shocking architect of our time. His deconstructivist projects are characterized by an abundance of broken surfaces, sometimes very rough and unexpected, because all his creations have a memorable, contradictory and very expressive character, unlike any of the styles in architecture.
But despite everything, it is this extraordinary style, embodied in an absolutely illogical gap between form and content, that is appreciated by many well-known international competitions in the field of architecture, with admixtures and awards. The most valuable of all was the Pritzker Prize, awarded in 1989. The most famous and significant projects for world architecture by Frank Gehry, which attract crowds of tourists, are: the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, the concert hall named after him. Walt Disney in Los Angeles, the Museum of Music in Seattle, as well as the Stata Center of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and many others.
- Eero Saarinern (1910-1961)
Eero Saarinen is one of the most famous and talented architects and furniture designers of the XX century. His creations surprise and delight at the same time, because the interests are so diverse that you wonder how everything can fit in one person. After all, he left behind not only an amazing shape of chairs and chairs, but also the Arch memorial complex in St. Louis, a skyscraper for the CBS broadcasting company, a hockey rink for Yale University and even the Trans World Airlines terminal in New York, not counting other equally significant works.
This is truly the person to whom the well-known expression “a talented person is talented in everything”applies. His unique works still attract the attention of not only Americans, although he was a Finn, but lived and worked in the United States, but also many people with his neo-futurist style, in which miraculously revived machines take architectural outlines.
- Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959)
The name of Frank Lloyd Wright is rightfully inscribed in golden letters in the history of all world architecture. His work, because his projects can not be called otherwise, made a huge contribution to the formation of the foundations of modern architecture and is considered the ancestor of organic architecture. Its buildings are distinguished by a solid image and an amazingly organized continuous space that perfectly harmonizes with the surrounding nature. The main technique of all Wright’s works was a free plan that can be truly felt.
And the uniqueness of this perception has become a major part of the development of today’s architectural styles. He was a very prolific creator and to list hundreds of his projects, we will name only the most recognizable and iconic: The House over the Waterfall, Roby House, the Taliesin Complex, Yamamura House, the BethSholom Synagogue, the Johnson Wax Office, the Solomon Guggenheim Museum of Modern Art, and many others.
- Richard Rogers (1935)
This well-known British architect in creative circles is one of the founders of the very popular modern style of high-tech architecture. He is also a major proponent of the architectural movement, better known as “High Technology and Structural Expressionism”. Given the extraordinary nature of his creations, it is not surprising that in 2000 he became the winner of the Imperial Prize, and in 2007 the most prestigious Pritzker Prize.
The most famous and recognizable projects by Richard Rogers is currently considered a 4th Terminal Madrid-Barajas airport (Madrid Barajas Airport), the Centre Pompidou in Paris (Centre Pompidou), the headquarters of the insurance company Lloyd’s of London (Lloyd’s of London), the European court of human rights in Strasbourg (European Court of Human Rights), Building the Millennium in Greenwich (the Millennium Experience), the reconstruction project of the World trade center in new York and the national Assembly for Wales in Cardiff (National Assembly for Wales).
- Renzo Piano (1937)
One of the most popular and sought-after Italian architects of our time is the founder of the high-tech style in architecture. Although he is considered a meter of architecture, he never extolled his name for the sake of the name, because he always tries to design only functional buildings. He does not focus only on his personal vision and does not seek to actively demonstrate the author’s handwriting. Therefore, Renzo not only designs and creates, but also takes part in the restoration of historical sites in Italy, Crete, Malta and even Russia (reconstruction of the former HPP-2 power plant in Moscow).
The buildings of the brilliant architect of our time do not have a “star handwriting”, because they are all different, but they are united by a real craft quality – they are thought out to the smallest detail and skillfully combine all the best technologies and functions of architecture as such. The main part of his works is based on the creation of public centers and cultural institutions.
Winner of many different awards in the field of architecture, art and philosophy, recipient of orders and medals, the most prestigious of which are the Royal Gold Medal, the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit for the Italian Republic, the Pritzker Prize, the Imperial Prize and the Erasmus Prize. The most famous works of the maestro are the California Academy of Sciences, the Jean-Marie Tjibau Cultural Center in Noumea, the Paul Klee Center in Bern, the New York Times Building, the NEMO Museum in the Netherlands, headed and designed the Music Park in Rome and the Kansai International Airport in Osaka, and many others.
- Zaha Hadid (1950-2016)
Is actually a great woman architect, who was considered a real “queen of forms”. Zaha Hadid drew her extraordinary inspiration from Mother Nature herself, giving her creations a harmonious natural shape.
Floating futuristic structures with smooth curved shapes really challenge the fundamental concepts of design and its geometry. Her creations can not be confused with any architectural masterpiece of all time, so it is not for nothing that she became the first woman in the world to be awarded the Pritzker Prize, and a dame commander of the Order of the British Empire, also became the winner of the Imperial Prize and the Jane Drew Prize and was awarded the Royal Gold Medal.
Among her most famous works are the Heydar Aliyev Center in Baku, the Aquatics Center in London, the Riverside Transport Museum in Glasgow, the National Museum of Art of the XXI Century in Rome, the Civil Court of the Campus of Justice Complex in Madrid, the Opera House in Guangzhou and many others.
It is very good that in the world there are still amazing architectural structures that are created by brilliant authors. After all, they really become a genuine decoration of any place, defining the appearance of the earth’s civilization. With the development of innovative technologies, even architectural masterpieces are becoming more and more large-scale. In the next review, you will see 7 grandiose buildings that will definitely become real Wonders of the World in the future.