Less than a week remains until the New Year in Chinese style. Chinese New Year, which begins with the year of the Rooster, is celebrated in Asia in 2017 from January 28. The holiday week lasts from 3 to 14 days.
The Chinese call it the Lunar New Year and have been celebrating the holiday for 4,000 years.
The tradition of celebrating the New Year appeared, according to historians of the Middle Kingdom, in the 17-11 centuries BC in the era of the Shang Dynasty.
Over the millennia, it has been overgrown with amazing rituals, solemn ceremonies and colorful processions, unique for different ethnic groups.
All traditions and rituals are reduced to wishes and hopes for prosperity and a happier life in the coming year, in gratitude to the ancestors.
Days of the holiday.
The Chinese New Year will come with a new moon on January 28, 2017 at 3: 07 Moscow time — on the first lunar day of the new year according to the Chinese calendar and the holiday will last until the full moon of the first lunar month, which occurs on February 11 at 03: 33 Moscow time.
According to Chinese tradition, 5-6 days before the New Year, the grandiose preparation for the holiday begins, which will last for another 2 weeks and will end at the full moon with the Lantern festival.
The Chinese believe that the most important in these first 15 days of the new lunar year are New Year’s Eve and its first day.
Legend.
In folk tradition, the lunar New Year is called Guonyan, which means “the year that passes”. Nian is a terrible, cruel monster that eats every day one of the types of living creatures, including humans.
People were afraid of him and hid away the night Nian came. Later, they discovered that the red color and fireworks terrify the scary monster. To drive the monster away, people began to hang red signs, set off fireworks and firecrackers to scare it away.
So the red color and the firework lights became the main attributes of the Chinese New Year.
Holiday schedule.
A week before the main celebration, the preparation for it begins with cleaning and decorating clean streets, houses and residents themselves. Each family does a thorough cleaning and makes a grand shopping trip.
There should be plenty of everything, meat, fish, fried nuts and seeds, all kinds of fruits and sweets, sweets and cakes, to last for all 15 days of the festival. We buy all new clothes for children and adults. Everyone and everyone should be prepared for the holiday at the highest level.
Wishes.
The Chinese character Fu yi, meaning “happiness”, is displayed in the center of the entrance doors and on the windows, around it are placed pictures, tablets and scrolls.
These are not just beautifully written hieroglyphs on red paper, the text should be poetic with the wishes of health, happiness, and well-being.
Taboo.
Spring Festival, another of the definitions of the Chinese New Year, with the first day of the first lunar month, spring begins, the new year begins, the starting point.
According to the Chinese, this is a day of omen or, as in Russian: “as you meet the year, so you will pass it”. Of course, everyone tries to spend it in the best possible way, so on New Year’s Day and on its eve, there are many rules, prohibitions and taboos.
You can not say bad words these days, for example, death and everything related to it, you can not say the words “broken”, “destruction”, “ghost”, “murder”.
Never cook porridge for the New Year and do not eat it. Why? Because the Chinese believe that porridge is eaten by poor people. And in order not to bring poverty – in any case, do not touch the porridge!
During the conversation, you can not use the words “illness”, “bad” and the like. It is considered a very bad sign if the rice basket is empty, which means that next year there will be not enough food.
You can not take medication, otherwise there will be patients in the family next year who will constantly need medication.
Chinese dumplings and fish.
These are the two Chinese New Year favorites that start the “happy foods” list.
Chinese dumplings, as a symbol of family unity and a good-luck dish. New Year’s Eve family dinner with dumplings, so that the family is friendly and strong.
The second important dish of the Chinese New Year’s Eve is fish. Fish dishes symbolize a rich year, prosperity and prosperity.
And further down the list: oranges for prosperity, long pasta for a long life, sweets to make the year sweet.
The red monkey was practically perched on our shoulder. The traditional Chinese New Year begins next week, and preparations are well underway.
Chinese New Year in Thailand is celebrated in all tourist destinations, observing all the traditions and rituals of the holiday, with colorful processions of Chinese deities, beautiful lion and dragon dances.
In a little more than a month, we are waiting for another wave of New Year’s holidays — the Chinese New Year 2015. More a ritual than a traditional feast, the Chinese New Year has its own traditions, rules and omens.