Cuisine Traditions

About tea utensils.

About tea utensils.

In this article, we will try to answer the main questions related to the dishes for brewing Chinese tea. Let’s talk about the material, size, and other nuances. Let’s answer the main questions: why do you need such an abundance and why can’t you brew it in a simple way, in an ordinary teapot?
Let’s start with the reason for the formation of all the questions-let’s talk about the concept of the Chinese method of brewing tea. But first, let’s remember the well-established method of making tea in our country: a handful of tea leaves is put in a fairly large teapot, poured with boiling water and infused until it “stops” (from a few minutes to a couple of hours). During this time, the tea is brewed to a vigorous consistency.. Few people can drink such a cool chifir. It contains an incredible amount of bitterness, astringency, sourness and astringent sensation. A little infusion is poured into a mug and diluted with water so that you can drink. But even when diluted, the original taste changes. Tea diluted with water is not really tea. Along with this drink, they eat sweets and pastries. In general, the tea party is positioned as a small snack and as a way to take time.
Tea is treated quite differently in Chinese brewing! This is a small celebration, during which a person retires with his thoughts and dreams, he abstracts from external stimuli and problems, he calms down and emotionally rests. When the tea is ready, drink it carefully, enjoying every shade of taste and every note of aroma! The brewing itself is not complete without special tea utensils: a tea tray, a teapot, a serving vessel, bowls, and so on. Often, a person who begins to get acquainted with Chinese tea is perplexed by such a large number of items used. In fact, there is nothing complicated in the brewing system, and each individual thing performs its task.
Types of tea utensils and their role.
The tea board, also known as the shepherd, serves as a tray on which the entire brewing process takes place. It also collects all the excess water (and a lot of water is used). You can say that this is the” altar ” of the tea ceremony!
Brewing container . As the name implies, it is necessary for brewing tea. The vessel in which the dry leaf is combined with water and infused. Let’s consider two traditional varieties and highlight the features of each:
Gaiwan – a large bowl with a saucer and lid. It is an ideal dish for tasting varieties. If it is made of porcelain (in most cases, it is), it gives a true and” honest ” taste of tea. Also, the aroma of the drink accumulates under the lid during infusing. To get acquainted with it, it is enough to turn the lid over and sniff carefully. The tea can be drained instantly;
The teapot is very close to our culture, we are used to it. Very convenient and practical, it is unlikely to burn your hands using it. It keeps the temperature well if it is made of clay. In the spout, as a rule, a simple sieve is built in;
Gong dao bei , in other words, chahai or the cup of justice is a vessel in the form of a miniature jug. Often the value of these dishes is underestimated! Gong Dao Bei is necessary for:
instantaneous cutting off of the required infusing time. Do you remember that Chinese tea is infused for only a few seconds? A little delay with the plum and the tea turns out tart and strong. Therefore, as soon as the tea has reached the required strength, we merge it completely into gong dao bei; mixing all the brewed tea. In any teapot or gaivani, the drink is brewed in “layers”. The closer to the bottom, to the brewed leaf, the stronger. In the process of draining the tea in Gong Dao bei, the infusion becomes homogeneous, of the same strength;
Piala . Almost everyone knows what it looks like, but simply put, it’s a small cup without a handle. It is in it that we pour tea from gong dao bei, it is from it that we drink.
This is the main utensils necessary for brewing. You can also select a group of auxiliary and simplified dishes. Let’s get acquainted with it briefly:
A sieve . It can be attributed to the group of auxiliary dishes. It is necessary for straining the infusion. Chahe is a special “concave” saucer. It is intended for acquaintance with tea before brewing. You can use it to evaluate the dry leaf visually, as well as enjoy the aroma. Tea tools simplify the manipulation of tea and utensils. The composition includes a large measuring spoon and a small flat spoon, tongs for dishes, a funnel, a tool for cleaning the spout of the kettle. Pu’er chopping board or feng cha peng. The name describes its functionality. It is convenient to delaminate pressed Puer in it; The Pu-erh knife is necessary to simplify the task of cutting the pressed Pu-erh. Most often it is made in the form of an awl or a flat pointed knife at the end. The tea flask consists of two flasks: one large with handles and a lid, the second small internal with a built-in sieve. The inner one is necessary for brewing, the outer one serves as gong dao bei; Kue khe bei is an ideal option for hiking, traveling and drinking tea at work. The name translates as “simplified tea ceremony”. In the process of using this dish, the main stages of brewing spills are maintained. It looks like two bowls. One with a drain and handles for brewing and infusing, the other serves as a bowl, serving vessel and lid. Tipot, aka izipot, gongfu teapot-a more advanced version of the tea flask.
The material of the tea ware.
Below we present a list of the material from which tea utensils are most often made. We will identify the main features of each:
Porcelain. The main feature is that the porcelain gives the true taste of tea, without affecting it at all. Even in porcelain containers, the aromas of tea are perfectly accumulated and accumulated after its infusion. Glass. In dishes made of this material, there is also no distortion of taste. You can also observe the brewing process itself and the color of the infusion through the transparent walls. Clay. It has excellent thermal conductivity, perfectly retains high temperature, cools down for a long time. Softens the taste. Good clay “accumulates”, that is, it retains a part of the taste of each brewed tea. When the same type of tea or a group of varieties is brewed in a clay pot, then over time, the dishes add additional notes to the drink from past infusions. The more often you used the dishes correctly, the tastier the tea turns out in it! It makes no sense to brew completely different varieties in such a material, as you will get a mixture of different teas to taste.
The size of the dishes.
Very often, novice lovers of Chinese tea ask the question: why is the size of teapots/gaiwans/bowls so small? We will give an answer to it using the example of bowls:
When drinking tea in small quantities, your own senses of taste and smell gradually develop. You can easily decompose the complex taste of tea into simpler components and realize its beauty. Tea drinking in its functionality becomes very similar to tasting a good wine. From strait to strait, the taste and aroma of tea changes significantly. It is very easy and pleasant to track these interesting transformations; When you drink a drink with the help of miniature dishes, you automatically begin to appreciate its contents; A feeling of satiety quickly comes, you drink tea faster. There is such a system of combating excess weight: eat with teaspoons-you will eat faster. When drinking tea, everything is similar; Drinking tea in small bowls is like drinking vodka with corks – you get drunk faster and stronger. Although the tea effect is not equal to alcohol, but it has a place to be. Are you one of those people who first of all wants to feel the tea “intoxication”? Then you should not chifirit drink and drink it in buckets. Just brew a stray, drink very carefully, enjoy the aroma, think about pleasant things and the tea state will not keep you waiting.
We have analyzed the main nuances of tea utensils. Now you can pick up your own brewing kit! It is worth paying a little attention, showing a minimum of interest and the tea ceremony will reveal all its secrets!