Asia is the greatest part of the world.
Asia — the most extensive and densely populated part of the world-stretches from the shores of the Mediterranean Sea to the Pacific Ocean, from the North Pole to the tropics. The border between the two parts of the world runs along the foot of the Ural Mountains, where obelisks are installed, on one side of which is written “Europe”, and on the other — “Asia”.
Asia covers a third of the world’s land area (43.4 million km2), and is home to 3.981 billion people, or 60% of the world’s population. The name “Asia” appeared thanks to the ancient Greeks and their legends. However, the word “Asia” itself is of Assyrian origin and translates as “sunrise” or “east”. According to Herodotus, a part of the world is named after Asia (Asia) — the wife of the Titan god Prometheus, who gave people fire. The ancient Greeks depicted Asia as a woman sitting on a camel. She held a shield in one hand and a box of oriental spices in the other.
Asia is a world of contrasts.
Due to the huge extent from north to south, Asia has a variety of natural areas-from tundra and taiga to forest-steppes and steppes, deserts and jungles . In terms of elevation, Asia is the most contrasting part of the world. It is here that the highest peak in the world — Mount Everest (8848 m), the deepest depressions occupied by the Dead Sea (-405 meters below sea level) and Lake Baikal with a depth of 1620 meters are located. A characteristic feature of Asia is the garlands of island arcs that border it from the east.
Many parts of the Asian coast are characterized by volcanism (in the East and South-East), outcrops of relict underground ice (in coastal cliffs in north-east Siberia) and coral reefs (in the South and South-East).
Asia is a treasure trove of cultures.
Today, 54 states are located in Asia in whole or in part. Asia is the birthplace of ancient agricultural civilizations that originated in the valley of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, the Indus and the Yellow River. In the Middle Ages, the two parts of the Eurasian continent were connected by the Great Silk Road — the caravan road, which played a major role in establishing cultural ties between the peoples of the Near East, the Caucasus, Central Asia and China.
Those tourists who are lucky enough to visit Asia will be able to see the monuments of the Mughal era, the ruins of ancient Persia, the snow-white Indian Taj Mahal, exotic Hindu and Buddhist temples, imperial palaces and ultra-modern high-rises.
India-an oriental fairy tale in reality.
For many centuries, India has been an inaccessible country for Europeans-a legend that attracts with its riches-silks, precious stones and spices, natural beauty and ancient spiritual practices such as yoga and Ayurveda.
Vietnam is a land of dragons and fairies.
Sandy beaches (more than 3 thousand km) are adjacent to mighty rocks, tropical forests – with pine groves, and mountains – with plains, drawn by squares of rice fields. According to the ancient creation myth, Vietnam was born of a dragon and a fairy bird, and today this country is one of the favorite vacation destinations of Europeans.
Georgia – sea, mountains and hospitality.
In which country can you have a great holiday, having a foreign passport and not applying for a visa? Georgia welcomes tourists all year round.
The sunny Republic on the Black Sea is famous for interesting sights, delicious wine, cheap prices for food and housing. Travelers come here to go skiing, relax on the beaches, visit ancient temples, monasteries and taste delicious national cuisine.
Sri Lanka is a sacred land of elephants, tea and sapphires.
In Sanskrit, “lanka” means “country, land”, and the prefix ” Sri ” in South Asia is added to emphasize reverence. Thus, the name of this exotic state can be translated as “Blessed Land”.
Japan is the Land of the Rising Sun.
The Japanese themselves call their country “Nihon koku”, which literally means “source of the sun”, and this name is often translated as “Land of the Rising Sun”. Since Japan is the easternmost country on the mainland, its inhabitants are the first to meet the dawn.
China is an ancient and eternally young Celestial empire.
China is so vast and diverse that it has everything: hot deserts, ski resorts and mountaineering bases on the slopes of the Himalayas and Karakoram, rainforests on the island of Hainan and the silent glaciers of Tibet.
Israel is the Holy Land of the three world religions and a country of tourism.
Biblical sites and unique nature — from the snow-capped Hermon peak to the forests of the Galilee and deserts-attract about 3 million tourists to Israel every year. Some visitors come here for the sandy beaches and coral reefs of Eilat, others prefer jeep trips in the Negev Desert, and others seek healing in the life-giving waters of the Dead Sea.
Jordan is a land of two seas and biblical legends.
Although the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a young state that appeared on geographical maps in 1946, it is located on lands that contain, according to various estimates, from 16,000 to 20,000 cultural and historical monuments of various eras.
Kazakhstan is a country of endless steppes and ancient culture in the center of Eurasia.
Of the countries formed after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Kazakhstan is the second largest state after Russia. The vast territory of Kazakhstan stretches from the Volga plains and the Caspian Sea to the Altai Mountains and from the West Siberian lowlands to the Tien Shan ranges.
Thailand is a country of adventure and Asian exoticism.
Thailand is the leader in traffic among the countries of Southeast Asia. In this country, tourists are waiting for the white beaches and vibrant nightlife of Pattaya, uninhabited islands of the Andaman Sea, Buddhist temples and colorful festivals.
The Philippines is the embodiment of the dream of a tropical paradise.
The Filipinos have the following legend. When the Lord created the world, He scattered huge stones across the ocean, and so the continents appeared, and then He threw a handful of remaining stones into the ocean waters, creating the Philippines. God compensated for the lack of land with a heavenly climate, snow-white sand on the beaches and coral reefs.
Mongolia is a country of steppes, nomads, yurts and a legendary past.
In the heart of Asia, Mongolia is located — a country of endless steppes, majestic mountains and a harsh climate. Mongolia has no access to the sea, but the abundance of flora and fauna of its nature may well compete with the famous parks of Africa.
Uzbekistan is a country of mosques, madrasas and Asian bazaars.
Of all the countries of Central Asia, Uzbekistan is one of the most attractive destinations for tourists. The ancient cities located on the Great Silk Road “breathe” history, the people are hospitable, the bazaars are generous in an Asian way.
The Republic of Korea is a model for other countries of the world in terms of economic development.
The Republic of Korea, with its capital in Seoul, which is often referred to as South Korea by media representatives and travelers, along with Japan and China, is a model for other countries in the world in terms of economic development.
UAE — wealth, luxury, world fame.
The United Arab Emirates is a vivid example of how, in just forty years, the state is able to transform itself from a poor, disparate tribe, dependent on Europe, into an independent and one of the richest countries in the world before the eyes of the world community.
Myanmar is the land of a thousand golden pagodas.
Myanmar (until 1989, Burma) stretches from the islands of the Andaman Sea in the south to the mountain peaks of the Eastern Himalayas in the north. In this exotic country, all the riches of “old Asia” are collected: dense jungles, snow-covered mountains and a bright, ancient culture that is close to 100 nationalities.
Malaysia-diversity of cultures under one crescent moon.
Malaysia consists of two parts — continental and insular, separated by the South China Sea. As if in a kaleidoscope, the scenery and entertainment of Malaysia replace each other.
Lebanon is a land of cedar, sea, mountains, and Biblical shrines.
The area of Lebanon is half the size of Israel and almost 20 times smaller than that of Syria, but this small Middle Eastern state has landscapes for every taste and a very ancient history.
Cambodia is an uncharted land of the Khmer people.
The Kingdom of Cambodia, which for a long time served only as a supplement to the combined tours of Indochina, is gradually becoming an independent destination. And there are all the necessary conditions for this: the azure coast with snow-white sand, a huge number of unique antiquities and national parks that protect relict rain forests.
There is a cruel injustice in the fact that Iran for all mankind has become exclusively synonymous with nuclear weapons and a source of oil. After the 1979 Islamic Revolution, few tourists have seen Iran, and today the country is just beginning to discover its secrets.
Indonesia is a diverse and mysterious archipelago country.
Between the Asian mainland and Australia stretches Indonesia-a necklace of 17,804 islands washed by the waters of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. The inhabited islands (there are about 6,000 of them) are a unique kaleidoscope of peoples and natural wonders.
Syria is the land of Old Testament legends.
Syria is filled with the spirit of many peoples who have ruled in these lands for 10 thousand years. Egyptians, Phoenicians and Hittites, Romans and Persians, Byzantines and Arabs left architectural traces of their power here.